According to the United Nations Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (UNESCO), sub-Saharan Africa records the highest rates of education exclusion in Africa. Over one-fifth of children between the ages of about 6 and 11 are out of school, followed by one-third of youth between the ages of about 12 and 14. According to the University of Illinois Springfield (UIS) data, almost 60% of youth between the ages of about 15 and 17 are not in school.
Though incredible strategies are being implemented, education in Africa generally falls below average. Our post on STATE OF AFFAIRS: EDUCATION IN AFRICA exposed us to the standard of education in Africa today: primary school enrollment dominate tertiary and secondary school enrollment. Low quality of education, with much focus on sub-Saharan Africa has brought about many challenges affecting the general socio-economic development of Africa.
VALUE OF EDUCATION IN AFRICA
Goal 4 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has to do with ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promoting lifelong learning opportunities for all. Goal 2 of the Millennium development Goals stressed on Universal Education in Africa. According to UNICEF, the basis for universal education in Africa was to get every child in school to learn, and that was essential for reducing global poverty, improving health, fostering peace, bolstering democracy, improving environmental sustainability and increasing gender equality. Was this goal effectively realized by the end of 2015?
Elementary education, which is dominant in Africa, has been proven to lack real value. Using a newly developed Learning Barometer, Brookings Center for Universal Education (CUE) estimates that 61 million African children will reach adolescence lacking even the most basic literacy and numeracy skills. The few people who are able to graduate from Universities are unable to make remarkable impact in their various countries due to the low quality of education.
In a twitter polls and Facebook polls, we posed this question: “According to reports, thousands churn out from various universities across Africa every year but Africa still has a high illiteracy rate. What is the problem with Africa's educational sector?” Poor educational policies, Low graduates potentials, and ineffective teaching were the options to vote for. Out of the 7 votes on twitter @ InternsAcademy, 43% voted for Low graduate potentials, 29% for Poor educational policies, and 28% for ineffective teaching. Out of the 22 votes on Facebook @Africa Internship Academy, 82% votes went to poor educational policies, and 8% for low graduate potentials. Poor infrastructures, poor condition of learning and inadequate facilities contributes to the low quality of education in Africa. Lack of practical lessons to support the theoretically based standard of teaching is another contributing factor. Unqualified and unskilled teachers are a daunting cause of poor quality of education in Africa. Bad government policies towards education have caused more harm than good. Bribery and corruption have erupted in the educational sectors in most African countries, creating the whole issue of quality education in Africa. With these said, what does the future hold for education? Does Africa have hope for a better educational system? What will the future be for graduates who do not get jobs after passing through these educational systems?
Read next post on State of Affairs: Education and the Future of jobs in Africa.
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